Kalamata Sights & Monuments - Located in the Peloponnese region of Greece, Ancient Thouria in Kalamata was once the most significant city in western Messinia. The bay stretching from Avia and Fares to the river Pamisos' mouth was named "Thouriatis Bay." The ruins of Ancient Thouria are perched on a hillside just 10 kilometers northwest of Kalamata and north of the present-day Thouria town. The northern end of the ruined city houses the citadel, featuring parts of the ancient wall from the 4th century BC, including rectangular towers. The south side of the slope still retains some parts of the wall. The southern plateau has the foundations of a large building that could have been a temple, complete with columns. Archeological evidence reveals that Ancient Thouria also had a theater and a large rectangular pool on the west side, below the citadel. The remains of ceramic and stone architectural parts divulge the size of the ancient city. Although Ancient Thouria was once on the side of the Messinians and Spartans, coins from the city bear the initials of the Spartans, portraying Thourians as Lacedaemons.

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